Collection: St. Elizabeth Ann Seton

ARTIST: Brenda Nippert


Born in New York City just before America became a country, Elizabeth grew up in a prominent family. She fell in love, married and had 5 children. Their happy life was soon shattered by money trouble and sickness and then her husband died young. Friends showed her the beauty of the Catholic faith and she became Catholic. This did not make some of her friends and her family happy because Catholics were looked down upon in New York at that time. Most of them turned their backs on Elizabeth, but she never regretted her decision. She packed up her children and moved to Baltimore where she opened a Catholic school. It was a great success and Elizabeth decided to dedicate her life to Catholic education.

With the help of America's first bishop, she founded the first congregation of religious sisters in the United States. As more sisters joined her, and the school grew, they moved to Emmitsburg, Maryland to expand and bloom. Elizabeth had laid the foundation for the wonderful Catholic education system our country enjoys today. Elizabeth relied on God no matter what and her deep faith grew along with her mission. She was only 46 when she passed on to Heaven. In her short life, she had been a wife, a mother, a widow, a convert, a nun and a foundress. She helped to weave the fabric of our country at its very beginnings.

Her feast day is January 4.

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Mother Seton is one of the keystones of the American Catholic Church. She founded the first American religious community for women, the Sisters of Charity. She opened the first American parish school and established the first American Catholic orphanage. All this she did in the span of 46 years while raising her five children.

Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton is a true daughter of the American Revolution, born August 28, 1774, just two years before the Declaration of Independence. By birth and marriage, she was linked to the first families of New York and enjoyed the fruits of high society. Reared a staunch Episcopalian, she learned the value of prayer, Scripture and a nightly examination of conscience. Her father, Dr. Richard Bayley, did not have much use for churches but was a great humanitarian, teaching his daughter to love and serve others.

The early deaths of her mother in 1777 and her baby sister in 1778 gave Elizabeth a feel for eternity and the temporariness of the pilgrim life on earth. Far from being brooding and sullen, she faced each new "holocaust," as she put it, with hopeful cheerfulness.

At 19, Elizabeth was the belle of New York and married a handsome, wealthy businessman, William Magee Seton. They had five children before his business failed and he died of tuberculosis. At 30, Elizabeth was widowed, penniless, with five small children to support.

While in Italy with her dying husband, Elizabeth witnessed Catholicity in action through family friends. Three basic points led her to become a Catholic: belief in the Real Presence, devotion to the Blessed Mother and conviction that the Catholic Church led back to the apostles and to Christ. Many of her family and friends rejected her when she became a Catholic in March 1805.

To support her children, she opened a school in Baltimore. From the beginning, her group followed the lines of a religious community, which was officially founded in 1809.

The thousand or more letters of Mother Seton reveal the development of her spiritual life from ordinary goodness to heroic sanctity. She suffered great trials of sickness, misunderstanding, the death of loved ones (her husband and two young daughters) and the heartache of a wayward son. She died January 4, 1821, and became the first American-born citizen to be beatified (1963) and then canonized (1975). She is buried in Emmitsburg, Maryland.

Elizabeth Seton had no extraordinary gifts. She was not a mystic or stigmatic. She did not prophesy or speak in tongues. She had two great devotions: abandonment to the will of God and an ardent love for the Blessed Sacrament. She wrote to a friend, Julia Scott, that she would prefer to exchange the world for a "cave or a desert." "But God has given me a great deal to do, and I have always and hope always to prefer his will to every wish of my own." Her brand of sanctity is open to everyone if we love God and do his will.